How to prepare Tadka (పోపు)


Various spices are fried in oil and mixed with recipes, to give a traditional authentic Indian flavor.

The kind of spices added changes with the recipe, but the process is same.

It is known as popu in Andhra Pradesh, India.


  • take oil in a pan and add mustard seeds, cumin seeds, cardamom,cinnamon,cloves, yellow lentils, green gram, red chilli.
  • allow them to pop and turn a bit brownish/roast.
  • be careful, not to burn them.
  • The entire tadka making process completes in less than a minute.
  • if you’re making biryani, you can add bay leaf(biryani leaf ), mace, fennel seeds etc, in addition.

Spices names in English and their Telugu Words :

English Telugu
Cinnamon Dhalchina chekka
Cloves Lavangam
Cardamom Elakayi
Mace Japathri, Jajikaya Pathri
Fennel seeds Sompu
Star anise Anasa puvvu
Bayleaf Biryani Aaku
Nutmeg Jajikaya
Dried Kapok buds Marathi Mogga